A province abundant in agricultural resources, the province is named after the world famous Salahaddin, a Tikrit native who founded the Ayyubid Dynasty. He is famous for defeating the Crusaders in Jerusalem and his longstanding rivalry with Richard the Lionhearted.
Salah al-Din has one university (Tikrit University, 2900 students), 269 secondary schools, 16 vocational schools (commercial, industrial, and technical), and 11 teacher training institutes.
Salah al-Din has nine hospitals and 13 public medical clinics. In 2003, there were 302 general practice medical doctors in the province.
One of the main roads leading north from Baghdad heads to Samarra and Tikrit, also passing Bayji on its way to Mosul. Roads connect Salah al-Din to, Tikrit, Kirkuk, Bayji, Haditha and the Al-Qaim border crossing with Syria. Iraq's major north-south rail line passes through Salah al-Din, with service from Baghdad to Mosul via Tikrit. Salah al-Din has nine airfields with runways longer than 6000 feet.
Economic activity in Salah al-Din is centered on agriculture 44% of the province's workforce is employed in the agricultural sector, the highest percentage among all 18 provinces. The province has a huge number of grape vines, apple trees and citrus trees under cultivation. Petrochemicals also offer substantial potential for expansion of the industrial base in Salah al-Din.
The province also serves as an excellent tourist destination due to its many important Islamic shrines and mosques. Samarra is the center of many Iraqi historical jewels and is surrounded by remains of some of the most famous ancient vestiges in the world.
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